عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, regional equilibrium and the development of social and economic conditions of the border areas play a fundamental role in the national development of each country, so the development and expansion of facilities and resources in the border towns can play a fundamental role in the strengthening of social and economic development and, ultimately, sustainable national development Have. To this end and in view of the importance of the subject, the present article aims to identify the status of the performance and development of urban areas of the Sistan and Baluchestan region with regard to the impact of ethnic variables and the boundary of the region. The method used in this research is descriptive-analytic and for measuring the performance of urban areas of the region, 20 indicators have been used. These indicators were in line with the six main socio-cultural, economic, infrastructural, sanitary-therapeutic, transportation and communication factors, and to analyze and analyze the cities of the province and their ranking, first, the entire indices were refined using the Vikor model. Then, the statistical tests were used to show the relationship between the variables of the research. The results show that in the provinces of Zahedan and Nimroz, the most developed cities in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan and Saravan, Khash are the most deprived cities in the province, and the boundaries of cities have been influential in their performance, and border and non-border cities Based on the total variables, the main components of the research are significant at an error level of less than 0.05. It was also found that in the study of the role of ethnic groups in the socio-economic development of the Baloch language cities, they have better conditions than the Zabuli languages in terms of characteristics.